Mexico: 20 Centavos 1905-1919 Cap & Rays


Quick Coinage Facts

Years Minted: 1905-1919
Number of Types: 2
Composition: 80% Silver
Diameter: 22 mm (1905-14), 19 mm (1919)
Weight: 5 grams .1286 oz of silver(1905-14)
3.625 grams .0932 oz of silver (1919)
Total Series Mintage: 28,775,000
Obverse Design: National Arms
Reverse Design: Denomination


The obverse design features the Mexican coat of arms, an eagle clutching a snake while it perches on a prickly pear cactus. On the outer periphery is the phrase “ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS” or as translated to english “United States of Mexico”.

The reverse design features a Phrygian Cap with Rays which has long been symbolic of liberty free thinking on coinage. Below the design is a ¾ wreath with denomination “20 CENTAVOS” and date of issue above. In between the denomination is the mint mark “M” for the Mexico City Mint.


During 1919, 20 centavo coinage received a significant change by reducing the diameter from 22 mm to 19 mm:

Type 1 – 1905-1914 Large Diameter 22 mm
Type 2 – 1919-1935 Small Diameter 19 mm

Obverse Reverse

General Market Notes

The key to the series is the 1908 issue and the semi-key is the 1912 issue.

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