Mexico: 20 Centavos 1905-1919 Cap & Rays

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Quick Coinage Facts

Years Minted: 1905-1919
Number of Types: 2
Composition: 80% Silver
Diameter: 22 mm (1905-14), 19 mm (1919)
Weight: 5 grams .1286 oz of silver(1905-14)
3.625 grams .0932 oz of silver (1919)
Total Series Mintage: 28,775,000
Obverse Design: National Arms
Reverse Design: Denomination

Design

The obverse design features the Mexican coat of arms, an eagle clutching a snake while it perches on a prickly pear cactus. On the outer periphery is the phrase “ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS” or as translated to english “United States of Mexico”.

The reverse design features a Phrygian Cap with Rays which has long been symbolic of liberty free thinking on coinage. Below the design is a ¾ wreath with denomination “20 CENTAVOS” and date of issue above. In between the denomination is the mint mark “M” for the Mexico City Mint.

Types

During 1919, 20 centavo coinage received a significant change by reducing the diameter from 22 mm to 19 mm:

Type 1 – 1905-1914 Large Diameter 22 mm
Type 2 – 1919-1935 Small Diameter 19 mm

Obverse Reverse
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General Market Notes

The key to the series is the 1908 issue and the semi-key is the 1912 issue.

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